Gil González Dávila: The Discovery of Costa Rica

Gil González Dávila was a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition to Costa Rica in 1522. He started his expedition in Panama, and passed through the isthmus of Panama, the Central American region, to reach Costa Rica. He was not alone, he was accompanied by a group of Spanish soldiers and indigenous people. He was appointed by Pedrarias Dávila, the Governor of Panama, to explore and conquer the region known as Veragua (which corresponds to the modern-day region of Costa Rica, Panama, and part of Nicaragua). According to the records, he left Panama with a group of around 100 men, including soldiers, sailors, and indigenous allies. He arrived at the coast of Costa Rica, and named the region Costa Rica which means Rich Coast in Spanish, due to the abundance of gold and other precious metals that the indigenous people had. He explored the region, making contact with different indigenous groups, and making a number of settlements along the way. He also discovered Nicoya Peninsula, which is located in the Gulf of Nicoya and is known for its gold mines. González Dávila's expedition was the first Spanish attempt to settle in Costa Rica, but it was not a success. He faced difficulties with the local indigenous groups and the harsh living conditions, and eventually had to abandon the settlements. However, his expedition opened the way for later Spanish conquistadors to explore and eventually conquer the region.

📅 Duration

From 1522 to ?

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© 2022 Amin Rashidbeigi