Giovanni da Verrazzano was an Italian explorer who was commissioned by King Francis I of France to explore the Atlantic coast of North America. His expedition took place in 1524, and he sailed from France in a ship called the Dauphine. During his journey, Verrazzano visited several locations along the east coast of the United States and Canada, including Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, New York (including the harbor of New York City), New England, and Newfoundland. He was the first European to enter New York Harbor, and he also explored Narragansett Bay in Rhode Island and possibly Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, Canada. Verrazzano's expedition helped to establish a French claim to the region and paved the way for future European exploration and settlement. Although Verrazzano's own expeditions were not successful, he provided valuable information about the geography and indigenous peoples of the region to the French Crown, and his voyage was widely reported in Europe, sparking interest in further exploration of the New World.
From 1524 A.D. to 1524 A.D.
Giovanni de Plano Carpini was a 13th-century Italian Franciscan friar who was sent on a mission to the Mongol Empire by Pope Innocent IV. He led an expedition to the Mongol Empire in 1245 and was one of the first Europeans to enter the realm and make contact with the Mongol Khans. Carpini's expedition lasted for over a year, during which time he and his companion, another friar named Stephen of Bohemia, traveled through the Balkans, Russia, and the Steppes of Central Asia. They encountered numerous challenges along the way, including harsh weather conditions, attacks by bandits, and disease. Once they arrived in Mongolia, they were received by the Khan Guyuk, who granted them an audience. Carpini's mission was to establish a relationship between the Pope and the Mongol Khans and to find out more about the Mongol Empire. During his stay in Mongolia, he learned about the Khan's rule and governance and documented his findings in his book, The Story of the Mongols Whom We Call the Tartars. Carpini's expedition was an important milestone in European exploration and helped to establish a relationship between the Catholic Church and the Mongol Empire. It also provided valuable information about the culture, customs, and geography of the Mongol Empire, which was largely unknown to the West at the time.
From 1245 A.D. to 1247 A.D.
Nellie Bly was a pioneering American journalist and women's rights advocate. In 1889, she embarked on an epic journey around the world in an attempt to break the record set by Jules Verne's fictional character Phileas Fogg in the novel Around the World in Eighty Days. Bly traveled by boat, train, and other modes of transportation, covering a distance of more than 24,000 miles in just 72 days, 6 hours, and 11 minutes. During her trip, Bly encountered a variety of challenges, including language barriers, cultural differences, and logistical difficulties. Despite these obstacles, she remained determined to complete her journey and set a new record for fastest trip around the world. Along the way, Bly wrote articles and dispatches for the New York World newspaper, documenting her experiences and observations. Bly's journey captivated the public's imagination and made her a celebrity. Upon her return, she was greeted with a ticker-tape parade in New York City and received numerous awards and accolades for her achievement. Bly's expedition Around the World in 72 Days was a remarkable feat of endurance and determination, and it cemented her place as a pioneering figure in the field of journalism.
From 1889 A.D. to 1890 A.D.
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